Discussing AI safety and digital vision with the world

(Source: SBS News)

The Ministry of Science and ICT attended the ministerial session held on the 26th at MWC (Mobile World Congress) under the theme of ‘Responsible AI’ and discussed the Korean government’s policy direction and support for the safe use of artificial intelligence. The “Digital Bill of Rights,” a digital norm, was introduced to the world. 

At the ministerial session held this morning, Director of Network Policy Office Ryu Je-myung and U.S. White House Deputy National Security Advisor Anne Neuberger attended and discussed AI ethics and safety. The event was hosted by Carme Artigas, former Minister of Digitalization and Artificial Intelligence of the Spanish government and co-chair of the UN High-Level Advisory Body on Artificial Intelligence.

Regarding how the Korean government is establishing AI governance, Ryu Je-myeong, head of the Network Policy Department, said, “We must all work together to respond to a future society where humans and artificial intelligence coexist.” “It is a common task that must be solved,” he said. “The Ministry of Science and ICT establishes the direction of national AI investment through regular operation of ‘AI High-Level Strategic Dialogue’ and △ ‘AI Semiconductor High-Level Strategic Dialogue’ in which both the public and private sectors participate   while  also  establishing the direction of AI investment in AI. He explained, “We operate the ‘AI Ethics Policy Forum’ to promote discussions on ethical issues and derive policy tasks, and operate the ‘Legislative Revision Group’ to support the recent enactment of the ‘AI Act’ by the National Assembly.” Director Je-myeong Ryu emphasized, “It is necessary to minimize risks and side effects while maximizing the opportunities and benefits of AI through close communication and cooperation between the public and private sectors.”

Meanwhile, in response to a question related to the “Digital Bill of Rights” announced at the Cabinet meeting in September last year, President Yoon Seok-yeol of Korea said, “In the era of deepening digital technology, where digital technology has a huge impact on the economy, society, culture, and even the lives of individuals, “We emphasized the need for a new order so that everyone can equally enjoy the benefits of digital technology,” he said. Next, “President Seok-Yeol Yoon conducted discussions at the global level and synthesized them, and last September, he established the Charter on the Values ​​and Principles of a Digital Common Prosperity Society with five basic principles of freedom, fairness, safety, innovation, and solidarity, that is, “ “Digital Bill of Rights” was announced, and “In order to establish practical norms and order based on the Digital Bill of Rights, the government of the Republic of Korea will address  △  copyright issues in the process of AI development and use,  △  AI responsibility issues,  and △  unconnected issues.” “We plan to form a discourse on various issues, including rights, and strengthen global solidarity and cooperation,” he added.

In addition, questions were asked to the governments of both Korea and the United States about ‘what measures can be taken to ensure safety and security while promoting innovation in artificial intelligence technology.’ Director Je-myeong Ryu said, “Since the emergence of generative AI, including ‘ChatGPT,’ as the destructive innovation brought about by AI has accelerated, there have been many voices calling for regulations to ensure safety and security,” adding, “Regulation of AI is necessary for innovation.” “I don’t think the momentum should be hindered, and we need a sufficient and wide-ranging discussion on regulation methods,” he said.

Director Ryu Je-myeong said, “Regulations on artificial intelligence must be agile but not hasty.” He added, “In the case of the recently drafted AI law, the Korean government includes only the minimum necessary regulations, and rather than detailed regulations, “We adopted an approach closer to self-regulation,” he said. At the same time, the plan was to promote research to overcome limitations such as bias and false information of generative AI, establish an ‘AI Safety Research Institute’ to take full charge of related research, and strengthen cooperation and cooperation with research institutes in major countries.” .

At the conclusion of the discussion, Director Je-myeong Ryu said about the need for an international organization to manage AI, “AI technology is expanding its influence day by day in the borderless digital world, and we need a global response to quickly resolve the AI ​​gap between countries.” “It is also required,” he said.

Furthermore, he said, “Because various risks caused by AI can have a global impact, global cooperation and cooperation are essential for the spread of safe and reliable AI,” adding, “The President of Korea announced this through the ‘Paris Initiative’ in June last year. “We have proposed establishing a new international organization under the UN to discuss AI and digital norms,” he explained. In addition, “We hope that global AI governance will be created so that citizens around the world can safely enjoy the benefits of AI technology, and we hope to continue related discussions at the ‘AI Safety Summit’ to be held in Korea in May this year.” The discussion ended with these words.

Meanwhile, Ryu Je-myeong, head of the Network Policy Department, visited the joint pavilion of domestic small and medium-sized enterprises as the first part of the “MWC 2024” schedule before attending the ministerial session. We experienced various digital innovative products and services of domestic companies prepared by the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA) and the Gumi Electronics and Information Technology Institute (GERI), and encouraged small and medium-sized companies challenging the global market.

Editor Jun Beom

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